Analysis of material flow and environmental and resource impact for strategic management of End-of-life electronic and electrical equipment in China
In strategic end-of-life electrical and electronic equipment (EoL EEE) management, it has become important to not only avoid the negative environmental impacts but also enhance the positive effects of secondary resource utilization. This is especially true in emerging countries such as China, where medium- to long-term increases in the amount of EoL EEE generation are projected. In this study, we aim to assess the resource availability potential for EoL EEE recycling based on penetration scenarios for formal and/or informal treatment options for the strategic EoL-EEE management, including plans for appropriate capacities of recovery and treatment facilities to meet the requirement of proper waste treatment as well as to maximize secondary resource recovery.
Substance flow analysis of mercury in Malaysia
Mercury is a heavy metal of special concern because it has many serious impacts on human health and the environment. It can be found in many minerals, although cinnabar is the only ore being extracted for the principal product. For the appropriate management of mercury, sources of emissions and release, as well as the amounts released, need to be clarified. In this study, we aim to develop a mercury emissions inventory for Malaysia by measuring the actual emissions levels in two solid waste incineration facilities (SWIF-a and SWIF-b) and a coal-fired power station, as well as the mercury concentrations in the combustion residues and feedstock.